Spinal Injury

The incidence of Spinal Cord Injury is most distinguished among characters age 16-30, in whom 53.1 percent of injuries occur and added injuries happen in this age group than in all other age groups linked. The males have a higher percentage of injury rates and most of them are all sports-related Spinal cord Injury. Next, to follow in injury list are auto accidents, falls, and gunshots both leading to cause of Spinal cord Injury.

Complete SCI: When all the sensory and all the ability to control movement are lost due to spinal cord injury, your injury is called complete.

Incomplete SCI:  When the motor or sensory function under the injured area is impacted it can be termed as incomplete injury. There are different degrees of incomplete injury.

There are many scenarios wherein the spinal cord injury results in paralysis which may be connected to

Tetraplegia: also recognized as quadriplegia, this indicates the arms, hands, trunk, legs and pelvic organs are all influenced by the spinal cord injury.

Paraplegia:  In case of paraplegia paralysis strikes all or part of the trunk, legs, and pelvic organs.

Symptoms

  • Lack of movement
  • Damage or altered sensation, including the ability to feel heat, cold and touch
  • Loss of bowel or bladder control
  • Magnified reflex activities or spasms
  • Variations in sexual function, sexual sensitivity, and fertility
  • Trouble in breathing, coughing or clearing secretions from your lungs

Causes

Spinal cord injuries may occur from injury to the vertebrae, ligaments or disks of the spinal column or to the spinal cord itself. A traumatic spinal cord injury may originate from a sudden, traumatic hit to the spine that fractures, dislocates, crushes or reduces one or more of vertebrae. It further may result from a gunshot or knife wound that punctures and cuts the spinal cord. Due to spinal injury, if not treated in few days or weeks because of bleeding, swelling, inflammation and fluid accumulation in and around the spinal cord is increased.