Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is a nerve disease of the face also known as tic douloureux. It produces abrupt, facial pain, particularly in the lower face and jaw and sometimes in the area encompassing the nose, ears, eyes, or lips. This sharp, stabbing, pulsing shock-like pain is generated by irritation of the trigeminal nerve, which has its branches going to the forehead, cheek, and lower jaw. It normally is limited to one side of the face. 

It’s true that trigeminal neuralgia cannot always be cured, there are treatments available to lighten the stabbing pain. Usually, anticonvulsive medicines are the first therapy option. Surgery can be the last option for those who are not showing any reaction to the medications or for those who experience serious side effects from the medications.

Branches Of Trigeminal Nerve And The Area Of Pain

  • Ophthalmic: Impacts  the forehead, nose, and eyes
  • Maxillary:  Impacts  the lower eyelid, side of nose, cheek, gum, lip, and upper teeth
  • Mandibular : Impacts the jaw, lower teeth, gum, and lower lip

Symptoms

The symptoms that may occur include

  • Occasional twinges of mild pain remaining from a few seconds to several minutes
  • Critical episodes of shooting, jabbing pain that seem like electric shocks
  • Unexpected attacks of pain triggered by stimuli that are usually not severe, such as by touching the face, chewing, speaking, or brushing the teeth
  • Fits of pain which last from a couple of seconds to a couple of minutes
  • Occurrences of cluster attacks, which may last  longer, but between them, there will be no pain

Causes

The trigeminal nerve is a pair of cranial nerves in the head. It is the nerve liable for providing a response to the face. The pain connected with trigeminal neuralgia depicts an irritation of the nerve. The cause of the pain normally is due to contact within a healthy artery or vein and the trigeminal nerve at the bottom of the brain. This sets pressure on the nerve as it invades the brain and makes the nerve to misfire. Other causes of trigeminal neuralgia include the pressure of a tumor on the nerve.