Brain Surgery

Brain Surgery

The brain regulates and harmonizes conscious and unconscious body purposes, as well as memory, knowledge, and thought. Just like any other part of the body, it is prone to bleeding, infection, trauma and other sorts of injury. The word brain surgery applies to several medical systems that include repairing basic problems in the brain. Brain surgery is a risky and complex method. The type of brain surgery done depends extremely on the situation being reviewed. There are various types of brain surgery based on the area of the brain and the ailment being allocated. Advancement in medical technology has permitted surgeons to work on pieces of the brain without a single surgery. For instance, brain aneurysm can be fixed using a catheter that’s added into an artery in the groin. If the aneurysm has burst, an open operation called craniotomy may be used.

Why brain surgery is performed?

Brain surgery is done to correct mechanical irregularities

in the brain. These can originate due to a birth deformity, disease, trauma, or other predicaments. Brain surgery may be needed when there is

  • Abnormal blood vessels
  • An aneurysm
  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots
  • Injury to the protective tissue called the “dura”
  • Epilepsy
  • Abscesses/ sores
  • Nerve impairment or nerve inflammation
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Pressure after head injury
  • Skull fracture
  • A stroke
  • Brain cysts/ tumors
  • Fluid-structure up in the brain

Risk factor

Possible hazards connected with brain surgery include:

  • Allergic response to anesthesia
  • Sporting in the brain
  • A blood clot
  • Brain swelling
  • Coma
  • Damaged speech, vision, coordination, or balance
  • Infection in the brain or at the wound site
  • Memory problems
  • Seizures
  • Stroke

Types of brain surgery

  • Craniotomy
  • Biopsy
  • Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery
  • Minimally invasive Neuroendoscopy
  • Deep Brain stimulation