Lumbar Disc Prolapse

Herniated discs are more prevalent in the lower back or lumbar spine but can also occur in the cervical spine region too. The area in which pain is encountered depends on what part of the spine is affected. Lumbar disc herniation or lumbar disc prolapsed is the most constant analysis among the degenerative abnormalities of the lumbar spine which hits 2 to 3% of the population and is the principal element of spinal surgery among the adult population. The initial strategy to check Lumbar disc prolapse should be careful, controlled through medication and physiotherapy, seldom connected with percutaneous nerve root block. Surgical therapy is meant if pain control is useless.

Symptoms

The most common symptoms of herniated disk in lumbar area includes

  • Arm or leg pain
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Weakness

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is made by a neurosurgeon based on history, symptoms, and results of tests. It can be identified by

  • X-ray
  • Computed tomography scan (CT or CAT scan)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI):
  • Myelogram
  • Electromyogram and Nerve Conduction Studies (EMG/NCS)

Treatment

Lumbar laminotomy is a method often employed to relieve leg pain and sciatica provoked by a herniated disc. It is done through an incision down the center of the back over the area of the herniated disc. Throughout this procedure, a portion of the lamina may be removed. After the disc is displaced through a discectomy, the spine may need to be sustained. Spinal fusion often is conducted in association with a laminotomy.